Remember when I talked about the benefits of propagating in a blog about it? Well, I’m going to expand on propagating certain foods and how that can give you certain foods year round guaranteed. I know this flies in the face of conventional wisdom in the garden, but this is dedicated mainly toward people that live in the Northern and mountainous parts of America. The growing season is very short.
With the advent of greenhouses all over the North and places in the mountains (Rocky, Appalachian, Smoky, and Sierra), more food is capable of being grown. Yes, it was a pain over 150 years ago to grow and preserve food. A lot of things went wrong. Rain storms, droughts, no way of preserving food if the seasons were short. I get that the old school way of growing food 200 years ago is getting pretty serious. When you have less acreage to grow food and you have 300 million people to feed in this country, what can you do to alleviate the situation?
Build a greenhouse farm. Why? Because greenhouse farming is becoming revolutionary to grow food in the cold period up north and in the mountains. Organic food in greenhouses where bugs can’t mess with the plants. But what about growing foods from seed?
Up in the north and the mountains, some people have to wait until late-May to plant their crops from seed. And even so, the yields are not great. While greenhouse farming is helping to grow foods for a longer period of time, it still takes a while. So what can greenhouse farmers do? Propagate cuttings of certain fruits, vegetables, and herbs.
If you propagate the “suckers” of tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants, and they root successfully, the odds of yielding more food goes up tenfold. That will mean that more food will be harvested in the greenhouse farms, allowing for food prices to stabilize during the cold period. The cold period is usually the worst time to buy food due to the low supplies brought on by cold temperatures. To make up for that, supermarkets buy foods from all around the world meet up with the demand of food.
The big problem is that conventional farmers are taking out nutrients and not putting it back. Organic farmers are trying to add more nutrients, but they are still in the dark. Greenhouse farming maybe good warding off bugs and other pests, but there is no rain to hydrate the soil. Permaculture farming is best in the desert and southern regions of America.
For you folks in the north wanting to grow food in quicker time in the long run, here’s what you need to do. If you use a foam cup and fill it with at least 1/3 of water. Then get the “sucker” of plant you want rooted. Take off the bottom leaves and leave at least 3 top leaves on the sucker. Immerse the bottom part of the “sucker” in water. Change the water once a day. Once roots come up, throw out the water, put in the potting soil, poke 3 holes in the bottom of the foam cup, and water the rooted sucker. The holes will determine how much water is in the cup. Excess water drains when there are 3 holes. Just poke the holes with a toothpick.
Once the roots of the “sucker” spread in the potting soil, you can fertilize with wood ashes if you want. I suggest mulching the soil with green tea leaves because that it make it easier to determine how much moisture is in the plant. After two weeks to a month, those “suckers” are ready for transplanting. For you folks in the north, if you don’t want to put them in the ground, you can always get a potting soil and bigger flower pot to transplant the newly clone vegetable plant.
With a propagated eggplant, if you live in the mountains, you’ll get eggplants in August rather than October when it gets cold. People in the north can increase yields quickly with propagation. Just imagine the amount of tomatoes that could be harvested on a small family farm or a greenhouse farm before winter.
Propagation can pretty much work everywhere. In the south, you can propagate plants in the fall and nearly have a harvest before Spring. In the desert area, that can work if you are operating a permaculture farm. But this is NECESSARY for those that live in the Northern states. As for people living in the Sierras, Cascades, Rockies, Smokies, Appalachia, and other mountain ranges, this will help you feed your family much easier.
Propagation does not just work on crops, it works on orchards. Meaning if you want a new grapevine, you have to propagate. If you want to start an orchard of navel oranges, you have to propagate those branches every year for the next 10 to 20 years. You can propagate lemon trees, fig trees, plum trees, a persimmons tree, maybe even a pomegranate tree. If you propagate them right, you can get fruit in three years compared to 15 years for a fruit from seed. In the case of permaculture and super rich soil, maybe less than that from seed.
So remember this. If you want to increase yields of tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants, propagate them. You can try to propagate squash and cucumbers. It’s risky, but it is possible. You can try to propagate watermelons, but the yields and size would make you think twice. Certain foods are not meant to be propagated and some you cannot propagate like grains. Corn, wheat, etc.
I already talked about regrowing yesterday. Regrowning vegetables that have bottoms like onions, garlic, lettuce, celery, carrots. You can propagate certain herbs like basil, oregano, thyme, rosemary, and even stevia. Herb stems are easy because when the roots come up, you can have free herbs for life. Basil is an annual herb, so you must propagate those herbs. Oregano, thyme, rosemary, and stevia are perennial. You can increase yields for years as you grow more herbs.
Hopefully with common sense and good soil quality, you can triple or quadruple your food production in one year, giving you an abundance to feed yourself and your family. Imagine, a family of 8 propagates foods and increases their food production. Food bill gets slashed by 60 percent and there is still food to hold them until winter. You do not need rooting hormone to propagate food crops, but I would suggest using honey and cinnamon to encourage root growth when propagating. Just make sure the water is changed daily.
To conclude this blog, I want to say thank you to the people that showed me tips on how to propagate and how to improve soil quality before planting season. It makes soil more pleasurable to aerate without disturbing the ecosystem. That will allow people turn a farm into food forests that could end reverse desertification and end world hunger.
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